Cameroon

Volcano number:224010
Region:Africa and Red Sea
Country:Cameroon
Geodetic measurements?Yes
Deformation observation?Yes
Measurement method(s):InSAR
Duration of observation:1999, 2000
Inferred cause of deformation:Magmatic
Characteristics of deformation:

Mount Cameroon is one of Africa’s largest volcanoes, with many cinder cones and satellite peaks. 19 eruptions have been documented between the 5th century BCE and May 2000. Most of these eruptions produced lava flows from the SW flank. The May 2000 and March 1999 eruptions were reportedly studied with InSAR using Radarsat-1 data, which apparently demonstrated clear deformation (Walter and Amelung, 2003). Walter and Amelung (2003) also report on numerical modelling of the interplay between the Cameroon fracture zones, and the size and orientation of feeding dyke(s).

There has also been reports of activity in 2012, although the writer is not aware of any scientific investigations into this, geodetically or otherwise.

Reference:Walter, T. R., & Amelung, F. (2003). Surface deformation observed by INSAR during the 1999 and 2000 eruptions on Mount Cameroon, West Africa. In EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly (Vol. 1, p. 1491).
Location:9.17, 4.203

Photograph of the October 1982  eruption at Mount Cameroon. The image shows the production of a new cinder cone on the SW flank of the volcano.    Photo courtesy of Tom Humphrey, 1982 (Gulf Oil).